Does the ACCPD have a Use-of-Force Continuum?

The Department implements and trains our officers on using force through a model developed in conjunction with the Police Executive Research Forum entitled, "ICAT:  Integrating Communications Assessment and Tactics. The Department incorporates this use of force model and not a use of force "continuum", as a continuum implies a progression of force similar to a line. Our current model is circular with no beginning or end.  Rather, it calls on the officer to continuously assess the situation at hand and gather information to determine the type of individual the officer is encountering (cooperative, resistant, or assaultive), as well as, the appropriate level of force, if any, to use to defuse the situation. Officers have many tools they can use and knowing when and how to use them is a critical component to the training. The ICAT model also shows how time and distance can be advantageous to de-escalating an incident by gathering information to aid in assessing the proper action.

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1. What does the Supreme Court of the United States say about Use of Force?
2. Are ACCPD officers permitted to use neck restraints or choke holds?
3. Are ACCPD officers trained in de-escalation?
4. Are ACCPD officers required to give a verbal warning before shooting?
5. Does the ACCPD have a Use-of-Force Continuum?
6. Are ACCPD officers required to intervene and stop excessive force used by other officers? Are they required to report these incidents immediately to a supervisor?
7. Are ACCPD officers permitted to shoot at moving vehicles?
8. Are ACCPD officers required to report each time they use force or threaten to use force?
9. Does ACCPD require that officers exhaust all other reasonable means before resorting to deadly force?
10. Does ACCPD release a report on officer uses of force?
11. Is there any other tracking of uses of force?
12. Who determines if deadly force is justified?